Sustainable Tourism in Spain

As mass tourism continues to have negative effects on local businesses and homes, the importance of sustainable tourism is paramount in preserving the delicate balance between tourism and the well-being of local communities and the environment. ​
​But what is sustainable tourism anyway? ​
​Well, think of sustainable tourism as a pathway towards a more harmonious and balanced relationship between travellers and the destinations they visit. It encourages us to approach travel with mindfulness, considering the environmental, social, and economic impacts of our journeys. Sustainable tourism calls for responsible choices, such as supporting local businesses, respecting cultural traditions, conserving natural resources, and minimizing our carbon footprint.
In this article, we talk about sustainable tourism in Spain, highlight a few of the top ecotourism destinations, showcase sustainable experiences, and provide practical tips for being a responsible traveller.

Sustainable Tourism in Spain

In an era where conscious travel is gaining momentum, Spain stands out as a prime destination that embraces sustainable tourism practices. travellers today are more aware than ever of the impact their globetrotting can have on the environment, and Spain has risen to the challenge by offering experiences that leave a minimal footprint and support the principles of sustainability. From environmentally friendly transportation options to green-certified accommodations, Spain is paving the way for a greener approach to tourism.

When it comes to natural wonders, Spain boasts an impressive array of biodiverse landscapes and cultural treasures. With more biosphere reserves than any other country, it is a haven for eco-enthusiasts. Moreover, Spain proudly boasts 44 UNESCO World Heritage sites, six of which are natural wonders.

When it comes to traveling between destinations in Spain, you can do so with a clear conscience, knowing that the country offers an extensive network of sustainable transportation options. Spain’s commitment to reducing carbon emissions is evident in its transportation infrastructure, making it easier for travellers to explore with a minimal carbon footprint.

Whether you seek the serenity of remote and uninhabited islands or the allure of wispy sand dunes, Spain offers a playground for exploration.

Ecotourism Destinations in Spain

As travellers, we seek destinations that not only captivate us with their natural beauty but also inspire us to protect and preserve the wonders of our planet. Spain, with its commitment to sustainable tourism, unveils a realm of ecotourism destinations that harmoniously blend breathtaking landscapes with conservation efforts.

With so many destinations to choose from, here are a few ecotourism destinations in Spain to get you started:


        1. El Hierro – The Hidden Gem of Sustainability: Located in the Canary Islands, El Hierro is a true hidden gem when it comes to sustainable tourism. This small island has embraced renewable energy sources to such an extent that it has become entirely self-sufficient. As you explore El Hierro, you’ll encounter breathtaking volcanic landscapes, pristine beaches, and crystal-clear waters. Discover underwater wonders while scuba diving in the Mar de las Calmas Marine Reserve, or hike along the trails that meander through the island’s rugged terrain. El Hierro is a beacon of sustainability, showcasing how a small destination can make a big difference.


        1. Vitoria-Gasteiz – The Green Capital: Vitoria-Gasteiz, the capital of the Basque Country’s province of Alava, proudly holds the title of European Green Capital. This distinction stems from its commitment to sustainability, environmental awareness, and urban planning. The city boasts vast green spaces, such as the stunning Salburua Wetlands, which provide a haven for numerous bird species. Take a leisurely bike ride along the city’s extensive network of cycling paths or explore the medieval quarter, where history intertwines with sustainable urban development. Vitoria-Gasteiz showcases how a harmonious balance between nature and city life can be achieved.


        1. La Garrotxa – A Volcanic Symphony: Nestled in the province of Girona, La Garrotxa is a captivating region known for its volcanic landscapes and lush forests. This protected area is home to over 40 dormant volcanic cones, making it a haven for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts. Explore the Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park and hike along its trails, which wind through dense beech forests, picturesque villages, and ancient lava flows. Immerse yourself in the symphony of nature and witness the resilience of life amidst volcanic formations. La Garrotxa epitomizes the coexistence of natural wonders and sustainable tourism.


        1. La Palma – The Starry Island: La Palma, another gem in the Canary Islands, has earned the title of a Starlight Reserve, a testament to its commitment to preserving dark skies and promoting stargazing. This volcanic island offers breathtaking landscapes, dense forests, and pristine beaches. Embark on a hike through Caldera de Taburiente National Park, where ancient volcanic activity has shaped a magnificent natural amphitheater. As the sun sets, gaze upon a celestial spectacle, as La Palma’s unpolluted skies reveal a mesmerizing display of stars. La Palma is an invitation to reconnect with the universe and embrace sustainable tourism under the starry canopy.


        1. Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve – Where Land Meets Sea: Nestled along the coast of Vizcaya in the Basque Country, the Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve is a place where land and sea intertwine harmoniously. This diverse ecosystem comprises wetlands, cliffs, sandy beaches, and dense forests, providing a sanctuary for numerous bird species. Explore the tranquil estuary by kayak, witness the breathtaking coastal views from the cliffs, or take a leisurely stroll along the picturesque coastal towns. Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve reminds us of the delicate balance between human activities and the preservation of our natural heritage.


        1. Formentera – The Serene Paradise: Formentera, the smallest of the Balearic Islands, radiates a serene and untouched beauty. This Mediterranean paradise boasts pristine beaches with crystal-clear turquoise waters, flourishing sand dunes, and vibrant marine life. Rent a bicycle to explore the island’s enchanting landscapes, visit Ses Salines Natural Park to witness its salt flats and migratory bird species, or simply unwind on one of the secluded beaches. Formentera offers a sustainable escape, where the preservation of its natural surroundings takes center stage.


      1. Somiedo Nature Reserve – Wilderness Unveiled: In the Asturian mountains, the Somiedo Nature Reserve stands as a testament to untouched wilderness. This protected area is characterized by its rugged peaks, glacial lakes, and rich biodiversity. Embark on a hiking expedition to spot the elusive Cantabrian brown bear, marvel at the majestic landscapes reflected in the mirror-like lakes, or simply relish the tranquility of this unspoiled paradise. Somiedo Nature Reserve invites you to witness the raw beauty of nature while embracing sustainable tourism.
        1. Sierra Espuña – Where Nature Flourishes: Sierra Espuña, located in the region of Murcia, is a haven for nature enthusiasts seeking tranquility and biodiversity. This natural park is characterized by its rugged mountains, lush forests, and abundant wildlife. Lace up your hiking boots and explore the network of trails that crisscross the park, leading to hidden waterfalls, panoramic viewpoints, and ancient cave paintings. Sierra Espuña is a sanctuary where nature flourishes, inviting you to reconnect with the wild and embrace sustainable exploration.


        1. Picos de Europa National Park – Majestic Peaks and Pristine Nature: In the province of León, Picos de Europa National Park stands as a majestic symbol of Spain’s natural heritage. This mountainous paradise is home to soaring peaks, deep gorges, and picturesque valleys. Embark on a scenic drive along winding mountain roads, hike to the iconic Naranjo de Bulnes peak, or marvel at the diverse flora and fauna that thrive in this protected area. Picos de Europa National Park showcases the grandeur of nature and the importance of preserving these pristine landscapes.


        1. Delta de l’Ebre Nature Reserve – Where Rivers Meet the Sea: Nestled along the coast of Catalonia, the Delta de l’Ebre Nature Reserve is a unique ecosystem where the Ebro River meets the Mediterranean Sea. This biodiverse wetland is a haven for birdwatching enthusiasts, boasting over 300 species of birds. Explore the reserve’s intricate network of canals by boat, observe the stunning flamingos wading through the shallow waters, or simply revel in the tranquility of this coastal paradise. The Delta de l’Ebre Nature Reserve offers a remarkable encounter where the forces of nature converge.


Sustainable Experiences in Spain

Spain not only offers breathtaking natural landscapes but also provides a wide range of sustainable experiences that allow travellers to immerse themselves in the country’s rich culture, traditions, and natural heritage. From engaging in eco-friendly activities to supporting local communities, these sustainable experiences showcase Spain’s commitment to responsible tourism.

Let’s explore some of the sustainable experiences that visitors can choose from, ensuring a meaningful and environmentally conscious journey.


    1. Organic Farm-to-Table Culinary Delights: Embark on a culinary adventure that embraces sustainability by indulging in organic farm-to-table dining experiences. Visit places like La Vera region in Extremadura, renowned for its organic paprika production, where you can tour spice farms and enjoy farm-to-table meals prepared with locally sourced ingredients. Engage with local farmers in regions like La Rioja, known for their vineyards and sustainable winemaking practices, and learn about organic farming methods while savoring delicious dishes made with fresh produce.
      1. Eco-Friendly Wine Tours: Discover Spain’s renowned vineyards and wineries through eco-friendly wine tours that prioritize sustainable practices. Visit regions such as Penedès in Catalonia, famous for its organic and biodynamic vineyards, where you can explore wineries powered by renewable energy and learn about sustainable viticulture methods. Sample organic wines while enjoying the breathtaking landscapes of the vineyards. Other regions like Rías Baixas in Galicia and Ribera del Duero in Castilla y León also offer eco-friendly wine tours for a truly sustainable oenological experience.


    1. Sustainable Outdoor Adventures: Spain’s diverse landscapes offer endless opportunities for sustainable outdoor adventures. Explore the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park near Madrid, where you can hike trails surrounded by pristine nature, practice rock climbing, and observe unique flora and fauna. Discover the stunning Costa Brava in Catalonia, known for its coastal hiking paths like Camí de Ronda, offering breathtaking views and opportunities for sustainable coastal exploration. The Canary Islands, such as Tenerife or Lanzarote, provide volcanic landscapes ideal for eco-friendly activities like hiking, cycling, and stargazing.
    1. Community-Based Tourism: Immerse yourself in the local culture and contribute to community development through community-based tourism initiatives. Visit villages like Alpujarra in Andalusia, where you can stay in eco-friendly accommodations run by local communities and participate in cultural activities such as traditional crafts workshops and folk music performances. Engage with local communities in regions like Asturias, where you can join volunteer programs focused on conservation projects and contribute to sustainable development while experiencing the region’s unique traditions and landscapes.
    1. Sustainable Urban Exploration: Spain’s vibrant cities offer a multitude of sustainable experiences for urban explorers. In Barcelona, rent a bike to navigate the city’s bike-friendly streets and visit urban green spaces like Park Güell or Montjuïc, promoting sustainable transportation and enjoying the city’s unique architecture. Madrid offers walking tours that delve into the city’s history and sustainable initiatives, including visits to sustainable markets and eco-conscious businesses. Valencia, known for its commitment to sustainability, showcases sustainable architecture and urban design, such as the innovative City of Arts and Sciences.
    1. Marine Conservation and Responsible Diving: For marine enthusiasts, Spain’s coastal regions offer opportunities for marine conservation and responsible diving experiences. Visit the Costa Brava and participate in beach clean-ups organized by local organizations to contribute to marine conservation efforts. Dive in the crystal-clear waters of the Cabo de Palos Marine Reserve in the region of Murcia, where you can explore vibrant underwater ecosystems while adhering to responsible diving practices that protect the marine environment.
      1. Sustainable Festivals and Cultural Events: Spain’s vibrant cultural scene is dotted with festivals and events that celebrate traditions while embracing sustainability. Attend festivals like Las Fallas in Valencia, which focuses on waste reduction and sustainable materials in the creation of impressive sculptures and artistic displays. Experience eco-friendly music festivals like Mad Cool in Madrid or Vida Festival in Vilanova i la Geltrú, where sustainable practices and environmental awareness are central themes.


How To Be a Sustainable Traveller While Travelling to Spain

The significance of sustainable tourism in Spain becomes evident when considering its positive impact on the environment, local businesses, and cultural preservation.

Here are some valuable tips to help you be a sustainable traveller during your journey through Spain.

          1. Choose Eco-Friendly Accommodation: Opt for accommodations that prioritize sustainability, such as eco-hotels, guesthouses, or eco-lodges. Look for certifications like Green Key or Biosphere to ensure their commitment to environmental practices. These establishments often implement water conservation measures, waste management systems, and support local communities. Platforms like promote sustainable tourism by connecting travellers with eco-friendly accommodations that align with responsible travel principles.
          1. Support Local Businesses: Embrace the local economy by dining at local restaurants, visiting family-owned shops, and purchasing handmade crafts from artisans. Supporting cultural events and local crafts will not only improve the economy of locals, but your memories will be more authentic.
            For instance, when you’re in Barcelona, explore the vibrant neighborhood markets like Mercat de Sant Josep de la Boqueria or Mercat de Sant Antoni, where you can savor delicious local produce and interact with the local vendors.
          1. Embrace Slow Travel: Instead of trying to see it all in one go, focus on exploring a specific region or city at a leisurely pace. By immersing yourself in the local culture and customs, you forge deeper connections and contribute to the sustainability of smaller communities.
          1. Minimize Plastic Waste and Recycle: When it comes to waste disposal, it’s essential to minimize plastic usage and recycle effectively. Familiarize yourself with the waste separation color code to ensure proper recycling: GREEN bin for glass, BLUE for paper and cardboard, YELLOW for plastics, metal, and tetrabricks, BROWN for organic matter, GREY for non-recyclable waste, and WHITE container specifically for medical waste.
          1. Use Sustainable Transportation: Choose eco-friendly transportation options to explore Spain. Take advantage of the discounts offered when travelling through Spain by train. By travelling through train, you can get discounts for cultural visits (AVE).
          1. Respect the Environment and Wildlife: When visiting natural areas or protected sites, practice responsible tourism by following designated trails, respecting wildlife habitats, and avoiding littering. Take only photographs and memories, leaving no trace behind. Adhere to regulations and guidelines provided by local authorities to ensure the preservation of delicate ecosystems.

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Final Thoughts

Ultimately, sustainable tourism in Spain benefits travellers as well as Spanish people. By embracing sustainable practices, we become guardians of Spain’s beauty and ambassadors of responsible travel.

Our choices, both big and small, can have a profound impact on the places we visit. From eco-friendly accommodations to mindful transportation options, each decision contributes to a more sustainable and fulfilling experience.

As you plan your Spain adventure, we invite you to discover—a platform that aligns with the values of sustainable travel. offers a unique opportunity to support local communities and experience Spain like a true insider. By staying in accommodations, you directly contribute to community projects and initiatives, ensuring that your visit leaves a positive and lasting impact.


Akash Dubey

SEO and Marketing specialist @
Travel enthusiast

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